Propolis (bee glue) is a natural bee product. It is a complex product that bees produce from resins, balsamic, mucous and fatty substances collected from buds, young shoots of plants, bark of deciduous and coniferous trees. These plant substances are enriched with bee secretions, beeswax, pollen. Ready bee glue is used to strengthen the structure of beehive, filling cracks and cover the entrance slot. Thanks to this, the bee swarm is protected against pathogen and the beehive is solid.
Propolis is a complex product in which over 300 different chemical compounds have been detected. There are primarily flavonoids, phenolic acids, terpenes, sterols, aromatic acids, esters, alcohols, aldehydes, microelements, antibacterial and antifungal substances among them. The healing properties of propolis are the result of the synergistic properties of active ingredients. It inhibit the growth of many Gram (+) and Gram (-) bacteria and it is called a natural antibiotic for that reason.
Propolis has a multidirectional treating and healthpromoting properties, such as: antiviral, antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, antithrombotic, local anesthetic. Propolis also: accelerates wound healing, reduces swelling, soothes rednesses, inhibits cancer progression, stimulates immune system, reduces blood pressure. Due to these valuable properties and a broad spectrum of activity, propolis is an important component of many food (dietary supplements), medicinal, cosmetic and veterinary products.